Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II.
A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy is a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC) and its subsequent successors the EC and the EU. It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include sluggish economic growth, high youth and female unemployment, organized crime, corruption, and economic disparities between southern Italy and the more prosperous north.Universities in Italy
were founded in the 12th century making them the oldest in the Western world. The reorganisation of the Italian education system originated the new concept of University institutions across the rest of Europe. With its strong historical aura, breathtaking sites and diverse natural landscape Italy is sure to provide international students with an enriching cultural experience. The fields of design, architecture, fashion, applied sciences and arts lie at the forefront of Italy's domain of higher education.Italy offers a wide range of courses where students have the option of pursuing degree programmes or certificate programmes that can be studied online, through distance learning or facilitated through classrooms at academic institutions across the country. Italy has top-rated programmes, professors and facilities that enable students to find professional success. Due to these and more reasons, students are opting to study in Italy